Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects millions of people in the United States, most of whom are not aware that they have the disease. PAD interferes with one's lifestyle by decreasing walking ability and affecting cardiovascular health. Left untreated, PAD increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, amputation of lower extremity limbs, and death.
Arteries carry blood from the heart to all areas of the body and, when healthy, have a smooth lining that promotes blood flow and helps to prevent blood clots. PAD is a condition in which fatty deposits (called plaque) build up along the walls of the arteries that carry blood to the arms and legs. This is also known as atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. The arteries slowly narrow and may even become blocked, affecting blood circulation, especially in the legs and feet.
Types of Peripheral Arterial Disease
- Bypass Surgery (open)
- Endovascular Therapy (angioplasty/stent)